Topaz comes in an array of colours, most people think of Topaz as being blue, however it can be yellow, orange, red, pink, green, violet, and of course white. Topaz is a great gem to work with and to wear as it’s both hard and tough, registering an 8 on the Mohs scale of hardness (behind Diamond at 10, and Sapphire at 9). It’s hardness refers to how easily the gemstone can be scratched, toughness relates to how easily (or otherwise) the stone may break or chip.
Topaz is the Birthstone for November.
The ancient Greeks believed that topaz gave them strength. In Europe during the Renaissance (the period from the 1300s to the 1600s) people thought that topaz could break magic spells and dispel anger. For centuries, many people in India have believed that topaz worn above the heart assures long life, beauty, and intelligence. (*Source GIA)
Historically Yellow Topaz was often confused with Citrine (a member of the quartz family).